ERIC Number: ED308850
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
An Examination of Two Approaches To Organizing Instruction.
Wedman, John F.; Smith, Patricia L.
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of instruction that is organized in two alternative formats--hierarchical (Gagne, 1962) and elaborated (Reigeluth, 1979)--on learner's recall and application of content-specific principles. Sixty-nine college juniors and seniors enrolled in an education media production course studied one of two versions of instructional text dealing with photography-related principles. One version was organized using learning hierarchy prescriptions; the other using elaboration theory prescriptions. No statistically significant differences were found between the two treatment groups. However, the hierarchical version of the materials was considerably shorter and took less time to complete, thus raising questions about the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of instruction designed following elaboration theory prescriptions. Results of the data analyses are displayed in three tables. (6 references) (Author/CGD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A