ERIC Number: ED308807
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
The Durability of Picture Text Procedural Instructions for Individuals with Different Cognitive Styles.
Ausel, Dennis; Bieger, George R.
The concept of adding pictures to text to attempt to produce significantly better recall when instructors are not available was examined in this study. Forty-seven undergraduates, selected from an original group of 90 who took the Group Embedded Figures Test, were classified as field independent or field dependent, and randomly assigned to one of three sets of procedural assembly instructions (picture alone, text alone, or text with picture). Individually, each participant was asked to assemble a model loading cart while the assigned instructions were at hand. Individuals who assembled a hand cart that was judged functional were asked to return 28 days later to reassemble the model without the instructions. Two dependent variables were used (time on task and assembly errors) for the immediate comprehension tasks and the delayed recall conditions. Results indicated that the type of instructions can produce significant differences in accuracy of performance for this kind of task, but that the effects on accuracy of the type of stimulus are not long-lasting. Conversely, while cognitive style did not produce significant differences in performance accuracy in the short-term, successful assemblers who were field-independent retained their assembly knowledge better than their field-dependent counterparts. With respect to stimulus type, pictures alone seemed to produce faster assemblies and text alone the slowest in the short term. However, in the long term, text alone produced faster recall assemblies. (5 references) (CGD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A