ERIC Number: ED308806
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Feb
Gender Differences in the Selection of Elective Computer Science Courses.
Arenz, Bernard W.; Lee, Miheon J.
Two studies--conducted in 1987 and 1988 in high schools in the Madison, Wisconsin, Metropolitan School District--investigated the existence of gender related differences in high school elective computer courses and factors affecting the differences. In the first study, a two-part survey was administered to the total population of students enrolled in high school elective computer courses. One hundred sixty-six students (104 males, 62 females) responded to the questionnaire, which addressed attitudes toward computer use. Chi-square test of population and analysis of variance (one way ANOVA) were used to analyze results, which indicated that the differences between males and females in beginning and intermediate classes were most apparent in the role models available to the students, sex bias, and their view of gender differences. The general attitude of the students, perceived usefulness, and self-confidence in use of computers did not produce significant differences. The second study was conducted as a follow-up to extend these findings. Students who were not enrolled in computer courses as well as the students enrolled in computer courses were surveyed. Three hundred twenty-eight (195 males, 133 females) responded to the two-part questionnaire, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used to determine any differences between the two groups of students. Plans for taking a computer course after high school or for having a computer related job, perceived usefulness of computers, general attitudes toward computers, and confidence with computers were all more positive for computer course students and those who intend to take a computer course. Four appendixes contain charts and tables displaying the results of the data analyses, responses to interview questions, and a copy of the computer survey questionnaire. (22 references) (CGD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Proceedings of Selected Research Papers presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (Dallas, TX, February 1-5, 1989). For the complete proceedings, see IR 013 865.