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ERIC Number: ED308679
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Aug
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Early Diagnosis by Parental Developmental Screening.
Sonnander, Karin
A longitudinal study was designed to develop and evaluate a screening instrument of developmental delay based on parental assessment of 18-month-old children. The reliability and validity of a parental screening instrument based on the Griffiths Mental Developmental Scale was investigated with a sample of 2,783 Swedish children out of a population of 3,245. In order to establish concurrent validity, the children with scores in the lowest two percent were tested with the Griffiths Mental Developmental Scale; correlation with parental assessment was .87. To determine the predictive validity of the assessment, children were screened for mental retardation and other learning disabilities at 8 and 14 years. A comparison of parental assessment scores and test scores of low-scorers at 18 months with follow-up results showed that the two assessment methods yielded a similar prediction rate of 65 percent. However, follow-up studies also revealed false positives among low-scoring children identified at 18 months; reasons for this are discussed. It is concluded that parents are able assessors of development if they are provided with an instrument developed for that purpose. (JDD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Sweden