ERIC Number: ED308640
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Dec-31
Reference Count: N/A
An Investigation of Four Dimensions of Siblings' Relationships of Handicapped/Nonhandicapped Sibling Dyads: Phase 1. Final Report, September 30, 1987 through September 29, 1988.
Ascione, Frank R.; And Others
The study examined the interaction behaviors of nonhandicapped siblings of 60 preschool children with either hearing impairments, cognitive/language impairments, or Down Syndrome, and compared these behaviors with those of 35 siblings of nonhandicapped children. Videotapes of social interactions were evaluated for behaviors suggesting imitation, dominance, agonism, and prosocial behavior. Children's mothers completed questionnaires related to their perception of the siblings' relationships, family resources, stress, support and functioning, and demographic information. Statistically significant findings for siblings of handicapped children included relations with age (older children displayed greater dominance); relations with birth order (older siblings imitated less and were more prosocial); and relations with age gap (greater age gaps were associated with greater dominance). Siblings of control children exhibited significantly more prosocial behavior but did not differ from siblings of handicapped children on imitation, dominance, or agonism. Gender differences were not found. Maternal questionnaire data indicated that family cohesiveness was negatively related to agonism, family size was positively related to prosocial behaviors. Separate analyses by handicapping condition found that siblings of Down syndrome children displayed the greatest dominance and Down syndrome children were most agonistic. Appendixes include the study protocol, the coding system, and the Sibling Behavior Rating Scale. (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Handicapped Research (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Utah State Univ., Logan.