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ERIC Number: ED308572
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Pages: 29
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Role of the Board of Education in the Process of Resource Allocation for Public Schools.
Chichura, Elaine Marie
Public schools as formal organizations have broad-based goals, limited resources, and a formal hierarchy with which to manage the goal achievement process. The board of education combines this organization's economic and political dimensions to provide a thorough, efficient education for all children in the state. This paper investigates the board's role in the public school resource allocation process, examining its legal basis, composition, responsibilities, and economic environment. To analyze specific school board behaviors in terms of decision-making, three theoretical perspectives (the rational, the bureaucratic, and the political models) were used. The actual district funding levels for education are related to four sets of interacting variables--governmental, economic, demographic/social, and political/administrative. Boards using a rational model of resource allocation would exhibit behaviors directed toward improving student achievement. Boards using a bureaucratic decision-making model would focus on maintaining the status quo or would promote stability by following predetermined rules and systems for action. Boards using a political economy model, strongly directed by their need to avoid conflict, might deviate from organizational goals by responding to perceived wants, needs, and self-interests of influential constituents. The study examined four northeastern Pennsylvania school districts. Data were obtained through budget session tapings and 37 interviews with representative members from the four districts. The research clearly indicates that an interaction of all four models was present in the school districts examined. The resultant model resembles the "garbage can model" of organizational choice. The extent of each model's use varied with the different situations encountered. (18 references) (MLH)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania