ERIC Number: ED308515
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
How Writers Use "Real Audience" Feedback: Problem-Solving in Revision.
Sitko, Barbara M.
Contributing to research delineating the cognitive processes of writers who are revising their own texts after feedback from members of their intended audience, a study (1) determined whether more able writers would be more responsive to their readers' feedback than would less able writers; and (2) verified results of a previous study indicating a definable problem-solving revision process. Subjects were 13 eleventh-grade females (six more able and seven less able writers) who composed texts stipulating a twelfth-grade audience, and who revised the texts following feedback from two twelfth-grade readers; data was collected by audiotaped concurrent verbal protocols. Four units of analysis included feedback units, response episodes, revision units, and self-report units. Findings indicated that more able writers are somewhat more accepting of feedback than are less able writers, but that all writers who revise, regardless of ability, follow a problem-solving sequence. Knowledge of this process, both in writers who do and who do not revise, will help educators to identify beliefs and behaviors to which they might direct instruction, and to design the instruction itself. (One figure is included, 26 references are attached, and 4 appendixes containing tasks from the study conclude the paper.) (SR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, March 27-31, 1989).