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ERIC Number: ED308477
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Reciprocal Teaching: Theme and Variations.
Coley, Joan Develin; DePinto, Thomasina
Reciprocal teaching is a form of dialogue in which students and teachers construct meaning from text. The teacher models the steps of the procedure and gradually encourages students to assume the role of "teacher." Reciprocal teaching involves four strategies which promote comprehension of the text: question-generating, summarizing, clarifying, and prediction. The strategy requires training and teacher modeling for approximately 20 class sessions before students become proficient with all strategies. Originally designed for use with middle school students to use with expository material, reciprocal teaching lends itself to a number of variations. For example, although reciprocal teaching is recommended for small group instruction, it can be adapted to large group instruction where the teacher structures the steps and, at an appropriate juncture, gives students time to participate either as a group or in pairs. Since the question-generating step is the hardest for students to master, the use of question-response cues may be added. These are simple visual symbols to help cue various types of questions for students. (A figure illustrating question response cues is included.) (NH)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A