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ERIC Number: ED308462
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Phonemic Support in Children's Comprehension.
Crain-Thoreson, Catherine; McCutchen, Deborah
A study investigated the role of phonemic information in young readers' silent reading comprehension. Subjects, 56 children in grades 2 and 4, from Seattle parochial schools, were blocked into groups based on their grade and skill level (skilled and less skilled). Each subject saw 48 sentences presented in a random order on an Apple II microcomputer. Each child was instructed to teach "Howie the Robot" to talk correctly. As a sentence appeared on the screen the child was to respond with a "yes" if the sentence made sense or a "no" if the sentence was silly or wrong. Results showed that a visual tongue twister effect (VTTE), similar to that found in adult studies, was observed in both second and fourth grade readers at two skill levels. This supports the view that phonemic information is used not only in word identification, but in text comprehension as well. Contrary to the initial hypotheses, it was found that neither skill level nor grade level interacted with this effect. Findings suggest that the VTTE taps a portion of the phonemic code that is not subject to substantial individual difference and/or develops quite early. (One figure and two tables of data are included.) (RAE)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Washington (Seattle)