ERIC Number: ED308451
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Mar-31
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Role Strains and Perceived Competence on Self-Esteem and School Performance of Sixth Graders in Middle School.
Fenzel, L. Mickey
Little research has investigated the relationships among sources, outcomes, and moderators of stress. There is a particular lack of such work with children and adolescents, especially work describing how the process unfolds with respect to the influence of continuing everyday stressors, such as those associated with the demands of schooling. This study examined the effects of school-related role strain on two student outcomes: grade point average and self-esteem. Subjects (N=120) were part of a 3-wave longitudinal study of the transition from elementary school to middle school in a small city district. Self-esteem was significantly predicted by both perceived strain magnitude and competence in a hierarchical regression equation. Competence served as a moderator of the effects of strain on self-esteem. Both strain magnitude and academic competence predicted grade point average when included in a regression equation along with father's education. Results point to the importance of early adolescent's perceptions of competence in academic and social domains and a positive sense of physical attractiveness to general self-esteem. Just as important to self-esteem as competence, however, is an environment that is relatively free of strain, that is to say, one in which parents, teachers, and peers hold role expectations that meet the developmental needs of early adolescents. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, March 27-31, 1989). For related document, see CG 021 794.