ERIC Number: ED308449
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Expectations about Counseling and Psychotherapy and Life Experiences in Elderly Persons.
Kunkel, Mark A.; And Others
Although expectations about counseling and psychotherapy have much potential influence on the tendency of elderly persons to seek counseling and on their response to the counseling encounter, there is little research available to assist those providing psychological services to this population. Expectations about counseling among the elderly were examined through individual and group interviews and through administration of the Expectations About Counseling-Brief Form (EAC-B) questionnaire, with appended demographic items, to persons aged 60 and over. Subjects' responses were compared to responses from a normative group of younger persons. Completed questionnaires from 82 older and 136 younger subjects were analyzed for age influences through a multivariate analysis of variance with each subject's EAC-B scale scores as the dependent variables. Significant differences were found on two EAC-B scales, with elderly subjects expressing significantly higher expectation for counselor Empathy than did younger subjects and significantly lower expectations for counselor Self-Disclosure. No other EAC-B scale score differences approached significance. EAC-B responses were interpreted in light of individual and group interviews with elderly persons. A consistent theme across groups was an abiding sense of suspicion and guardedness about psychology. Some areas of negative or unrealistic expectations about counseling among the elderly may explain their reluctance to seek such services, and suggest public education programs to modify these expectations. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association (35th, Houston, TX, April 13-15, 1989).