ERIC Number: ED308279
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
What Do Employers Want in Entry-Level Workers? An Assessment of the Evidence. Trends and Issues #12.
This study explores the correlation between school reform and national economic performance by examining employer needs to fill entry-level positions in the workforce. A widely held assumption contends that the performance of the schools in preparing educated workers bears directly on the development of a productive and efficient economy. This study evaluates available relevant research. An introduction reviews the association between education and the world of work. The first section, "The Needs of Employers for New Employees," describes growing concern about the adequacy of entry workers. The second section, "Representative Studies of Employer Needs," summarizes 14 recent studies, including sampling strategies, substantive focus, and major findings. The third section,"Dimensions of Studies," discusses six key variables that influence interpretation of the findings. The fourth section, "Deficiencies of the Studies," finds significant weaknesses in the studies' interpretative value. The fifth section, "Interpreting the Results of Studies of Employer Needs," describes the following perspectives involved in hiring decisions: (1) technical; (2) control; (3) institutional; and (4) political. A concluding section finds the linkage among employer needs, school reform, and economic development to be unclear, based on current evidence. A list of 27 references is appended. (AF)
Descriptors: Economic Development, Education Work Relationship, Educational Change, Employees, Employer Attitudes, Employer Employee Relationship, Employers, Entry Workers, Futures (of Society), Job Skills, Labor Supply, Productivity, Role of Education
ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, Teachers College, Box 40, Columbia Univ., New York, NY 10027 ($3.00).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Researchers
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, New York, NY.; National Center on Education and Employment, New York, NY.; Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Teachers College.