ERIC Number: ED308228
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
Comparative Validity of Multiple-Choice and Free-Response Items on the Advanced Placement Examination in Biology. College Board Report No. 89-2.
The Advanced Placement Program reports grades to students and colleges on a 1 to 5 point scale derived from combining the separate scores on the multiple-choice and free-response sections of Advanced Placement Examinations (ADPEs). In this study, predictions of grades in first-semester college biology courses were made based on students' separate performances on the multiple-choice and essay portions of the 1986 ADPE in Biology. In a sample of 432 students from 11 colleges, the multiple-choice scores appeared to be more closely correlated to college grades. However, when the analyses were run separately according to the gender of the candidate, performance on both the objective and the essay items predicted grades equally well for males, but for females, predictions based on the essay portion were significantly less accurate. The current practice of reporting advanced placement examination grades based on a combination of both essay and multiple-choice test scores yields correlations that are generally higher and more comparable across gender than would be the case if only essays were used. Seven data tables and 14 figures plotting the students' scores are included. (Author/SLD)
Descriptors: Advanced Placement, Biology, College Bound Students, College Entrance Examinations, College Freshmen, Comparative Analysis, Essay Tests, Grade Prediction, Higher Education, Multiple Choice Tests, Objective Tests, Predictive Measurement, Predictor Variables, Sex Differences, Test Validity
College Board Publications, Box 886, New York, NY 10101-0886 ($7.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: College Entrance Examination Board, New York, NY.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Advanced Placement Examinations (CEEB)