ERIC Number: ED308227
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-May
Reference Count: N/A
The Internal Structure and Correlates of the South Carolina Needs Assessment Instruments.
Gottfredson, Gary D.; Stewart, Martha W.
The internal structure and correlates of the South Carolina State Department of Education's Needs Assessment Instruments (NAIs) for teachers, parents, and students were examined for 61, 61, and 36 schools, respectively. The NAIs are questionnaires that assess six indicators of school effectiveness: (1) instructional leadership of the principal; (2) emphasis on academics; (3) high expectations; (4) positive school climate; (5) frequent monitoring; and (6) positive home-school relations. The internal structure of the NAIs displayed limited convergent and discriminant validity, and the scales did not provide independent measures of the constructs implied by their names. However, the scores produced by the teacher instrument were often significantly and moderately positively correlated with a variety of salutary educational outcomes, with most scales showing a similar pattern of correlations with various criteria. These correlations often persisted when statistical controls for student ethnic composition and economic status were applied. Result patterns suggest that the various scales of the instruments measured general or global positive sentiments toward the school rather than specific dimensions of school climate, and these generalized views were often related to positive educational outcomes. The student and parent instruments generally failed to show interpretable patterns of correlations with the criteria examined. Developing and using school assessment instruments in relation to the effective-schools-movement lists are discussed. Twenty-two tables present study data. (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A