ERIC Number: ED308201
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1987
Student Approaches to Learning and Studying. Research Monograph.
Biggs, John B.
A common thread in contemporary research in student learning refers to the ways in which students go about learning. A theory of learning is presented that accentuates the interaction between the person and the situation. Research evidence implies a form of meta-cognition called meta-learning, the awareness of students of their own learning processes and their increasing control over them. The concept of meta-learning leads to a model of student learning in which relationships among personal factors, the situational context, approaches to learning, and quality of outcome are mediated by the students' meta-learning capability. Instruments have been designed to measure the extent to which students endorse common approaches to learning tasks. These instruments--the Learning Process Questionnaire for secondary grades, and the Study Process Questionnaire for tertiary (postsecondary) use--are published separately. The research that resulted in the formulation of the theory of student learning is described, as are the sampling, instruments, and methods of the basic studies that determined the reliability and validity of the two instruments. Important implications of the model for teachers, counselors, and researchers are discussed. Fifty-three tables and 17 figures supplement the text and present data and relationships. (SLD)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, College Students, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Learning Processes, Learning Theories, Metacognition, Models, Secondary Education, Secondary School Students, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Study Skills, Test Construction, Test Reliability, Test Validity
Australian Council for Educational Research Ltd., Radford House, Frederick St., Hawthorn 3122, Australia.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Books
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers; Counselors; Teachers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Australian Education Research and Development Committee, Canberra.; Newcastle Univ. (Australia).; Australian Research Grants Scheme.
Authoring Institution: Australian Council for Educational Research, Hawthorn.
Identifiers - Location: Australia
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Study Process Questionnaire
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A