ERIC Number: ED308200
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1987
Reference Count: N/A
Study Process Questionnaire Manual. Student Approaches to Learning and Studying.
Biggs, John B.
This manual describes the theory behind the Study Process Questionnaire (SPQ) and explains what the subscale and scale scores mean. The SPQ is a 42-item self-report questionnaire used in Australia to assess the extent to which a tertiary student at a college or university endorses different approaches to learning and the motives and strategies comprising those approaches. The SPQ yields scores on three basic motives for learning and three learning strategies, and on the approaches to learning that are formed by these motives and strategies. The three important approaches to learning are categorized as: (1) surface--meeting the minimum requirements; (2) deep--an intrinsic interest in what is learned; and (3) achieving--enhancing ego and self-esteem through the competition for grades. The SPQ operationalizes these approaches and their constituent motives and strategies in terms of scale and subscale profiles representing an individual's general orientation toward learning. Directions for administering, scoring, and interpreting scores are given, with suggestions about how they may be used by teachers and counselors. Statistical information about reliability and validity, four data tables, five figures, and 16 tables of norms are provided. Norms are given separately for males and females; for colleges and universities; and for faculties of arts, education, and science. The SPQ is enclosed. (SLD)
Descriptors: College Students, Foreign Countries, Learning Motivation, Learning Processes, Learning Strategies, Postsecondary Education, Questionnaires, Rating Scales, Study Skills, Test Manuals, Test Reliability, Test Validity
Australian Council for Educational Research Ltd., Radford House, Frederick St., Hawthorn 3122, Australia.
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Tests/Questionnaires; Books
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers; Counselors; Teachers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Australian Education Research and Development Committee, Canberra.; Newcastle Univ. (Australia).; Australian Research Grants Scheme.
Authoring Institution: Australian Council for Educational Research, Hawthorn.
Identifiers - Location: Australia
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Study Process Questionnaire