ERIC Number: ED308048
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Cancer Mortality in Rural Appalachian Kentucky. Appalachian Data Bank Report #6.
Tucker, Thomas C.; And Others
This report compares cancer mortality rates in rural Appalachian Kentucky with rates for rural non-Appalachian Kentucky and the U.S. white population. Rural Appalachian Kentucky differs from the rest of rural Kentucky in having a younger, poorer, less educated population with greater employment in mining as opposed to agriculture, and with less access to public water and sanitation. Overall average annual age-adjusted cancer mortality rates for 1981-85 did not differ substantially among rural Appalachian Kentucky, rural non-Appalachian Kentucky, and the United States. However, compared to national figures, both Kentucky sectors showed substantially greater increases in cancer mortality since 1971-75; the greatest increases were among non-Appalachian males and Appalachian females. Males had significantly higher cancer mortality than females in all comparison groups. Lung cancer was the leading cause of cancer death for both men and women in the Appalachian group, increasing nearly 50% for men and over 100% for women since 1971-75. Compared to national figures, colon cancer mortality rates were lower in Appalachian Kentucky and higher in non-Appalachian Kentucky. Rural Appalachian females had twice the cervical cancer mortality rate and a significantly lower breast cancer mortality rate than U.S. white females. This report contains 12 tables, 5 graphs, and 2 maps. (SV)
Descriptors: Appalachian Studies, Cancer, Comparative Analysis, Mortality Rate, Rural Areas, Rural Population, Sex Differences, Social Science Research, Tables (Data)
Appalachian Center, University of Kentucky, 641 S. Limestone, Lexington, KY 40506-0333 ($3.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Kentucky Univ., Lexington. Appalachian Center.
Identifiers - Location: Kentucky