ERIC Number: ED308043
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
The Status of Pre-School Children and Their Support Systems in Central Appalachia. Appalachian Data Bank Report #7.
Bagby, Jane W.; And Others
Large percentages of preschool children in Kentucky, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia live in poverty and receive no benefits from society's "safety nets." County estimates for unemployment and per capita income (1985-1987) indicate that economic conditions are most severe in central West Virginia, eastern Kentucky, and parts of Tennessee. In these areas, a third to a half of all preschoolers live in poverty. Nevertheless, Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) benefited only 13% of children below 18 in West Virginia and Kentucky, and 6-7% of children in Virginia, North Carolina, and Tennessee, compared to 12.6% nationally. Adjusted for inflation, benefits were drastically lower than in 1970. A family with no other income, receiving the maximum AFDC and Food Stamp benefit, remained below 75% of the poverty level in all five states and well below that point in Kentucky and Tennessee. Enrollments in the Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) ranged from 17% of all children aged 0-4 in Virginia to 32% in Kentucky. Estimates of eligible preschoolers not, however, enrolled in WIC were 51-63% for the five states. Despite the demonstrated success of Head Start programs, only 16,533 Head Start spaces were available in the central Appalachian region; Head Start directors reported very long waiting lists. Data on preschool children are extremely difficult to locate in state bureaucracies, an impediment to both researchers and policymakers that warrants the creation of state clearinghouses on such information. This report contains and numerous maps and graphs. (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Kentucky Univ., Lexington. Appalachian Center.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Aid to Families with Dependent Children