ERIC Number: ED308019
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Early Predictors of Psychopathology and Competence in Children.
Sroufe, L. Alan; Egeland, Byron
A longitudinal investigation focused on the etiology of psychiatric and behavioral disorders in a sample of 190 children at risk for developmental problems. Data collection began during pregnancy and included assessments of: (1) parental personality, intelligence, and parenting attitudes; (2) parent-child interaction and relationship quality; (3) child temperament and cognitive and emotional development; and (4) life stress, marital harmony, and social support. Assessments were frequent and comprehensive in infancy and early childhood, with regular follow-up assessments during the elementary school years. Assessments included interviews with children, teachers, and parents, a review of school records, and direct observation of children. Findings indicated that attachment classification in infancy is one of the strongest risk factors in the data set. Further explorations of links between preschool behavior and problems in elementary school revealed an especially strong link between preschool aggressiveness and later problem behavior. Children with histories of secure attachment were judged as more competent than the other children by teachers and counselors. (RH)
Descriptors: Aggression, Attachment Behavior, Behavior Problems, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Etiology, High Risk Persons, Individual Development, Infants, Interpersonal Competence, Longitudinal Studies, Predictor Variables, Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Psychopathology, Student Adjustment
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Kansas City, MO, April 27-30, 1989).