ERIC Number: ED308014
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Apr-6
Generating, Evaluating, and Selecting Solutions to Problems: Individual versus Group Teaching for Preschoolers.
Summers, Marie Elizabeth
This study compares the teaching of problem-solving skills to preschool children in individual and group settings. Subjects were 8 girls and 7 boys of 3 years, 6 months to 5 years, 10 months of age who attended a university laboratory preschool. There were two experimental groups and one comparison group. Children were presented with a problem staged in their classroom and were encouraged to generate possible solutions, evaluate the solutions, and implement their chosen solution. A point system was used to compare children's performance of the problem-solving skills. Children who received no instruction earned successively fewer points in their five pretests. Three children increased the number of points they earned after they received group teaching, and seven increased their posttest scores after individual teaching sessions. Repeated opportunities to solve problems did not increase children's scores. However, when opportunities were combined with teaching, mean scores increased. Related materials are appended, including sample data sheets for recording children's solutions, a description of how problem-solving skills were taught, and a set of bar graphs illustrating research results. (RH)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Master's Thesis, University of Kansas.