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ERIC Number: ED308009
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Selected Theories of Child Development and the Effect of the Caregiver on Very Young Children.
Altman, Jennifer Schroer
Theories and quantitative studies were reviewed to address the issue of what promotes adaptive behavior development in very young children. Attention is given to the interactionist theories of Robert R. Sears, Eric H. Erikson, David Elkind, and Burton White. Commonalities among theorists are delineated in terms of stages, child rearing practices, common ideas, mothering characteristics that enhance development, and child rearing practices that enhance development. Even though the four theorists view child development from different perspectives, they agree about many aspects. The theorists agree on these points: (1) the early years are crucial years for emotional and intellectual development; (2) the most significant person in the life of the child is the mother, or primary caregiver; and (3) the environment plays a significant role in the growth and development of the child. All the theorists emphasize the need to match the environment with the maturing child by designing experiences which are relevant to the child's understanding. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A