ERIC Number: ED308008
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Dimensions of the Mother-Child Relationship as Predictors of Social Competence.
Christopoulos, Christina; Dell, Susan B.
An attempt was made to identify aspects of the family environment that predict social competence in the school environment. A total of 69 second graders were administered a revised verion of Furman and Buhrmester's (1985) Network of Relationships Inventory. Social competence was assessed sociometrically and with seven behavioral nominations. Findings indicated that the most consistent predictors of social competence were companionship and instrumental aid. Amount of time spent with mother was negatively related to indices of social competence. For boys, companionship with mother was predictive of disruptiveness. In contrast, aid from mother was positively related to indices of social competence. For boys, the more helpful the mother the fewer nominations they received as starting fights, disruptive, and unhappy. For girls, mother's helpfulness was related to fewer nominations of shyness. If a child spends a great deal of time with mother, she or he may not acquire the social skills needed for interaction with peers. The positive relation of instrumental aid to social competence suggests that it may be more important for a child to feel that the mother is available when needed than to spend a great deal of time with her. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Kansas City, MO, April 27-30, 1989).