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ERIC Number: ED307998
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Effect of Task Goal and Item Organization on Immediate and Delayed Recall.
Herman, Hannah S.; Mistry, Jayanthi
This study assessed the impact of an explicit goal to remember and thematic organization on the strategic behavior and recall performance of preschoolers. A total of 41 subjects were instructed either to remember 12 items for later "purchase" at a play store or to play with them. The items for half the children in each condition were linked to a beach picnic theme, while the alternate array was comprised of familiar but unrelated objects. Children in the play condition spent considerable time physically engaged with the items, in contrast to children in the "remember group" who did not directly interact with the objects, but intermittently looked at and named them. Differences in the behaviors of the two groups and the nature of the behaviors of the children in the "remember group" suggested that precursors of mnemonic strategies are available to preschoolers. However, only naming of items was predictive of recall. Item organization did not affect immediate recall scores. Only children exposed to the beach array maintained their level of recall after a 1-week delay interval. It is concluded that the data are compatible with the notion that schemas influence retrieval rather than encoding. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A