ERIC Number: ED307968
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
"Beyond Lollipop Trees": Teaching Thinking Skills through Art.
Farha, Jacquelyn L.; Milbrandt, Melody S.
The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of an innovative art education program that was piloted in two elementary schools in Wichita, Kansas in 1987. Two questions were addressed: (1) Does instruction in art by a qualified art teacher produce increased learning of the content of art? and (2) Does art instruction emphasizing thinking skills have positive effects on student learning? Four major areas of instruction were addressed in the experimental art program: design concepts and expressive art production, critical and appreciative learning in art, cultural and historical aspects of art, and creative problem solving. Two teachers with certification in art education were assigned to the experimental schools. The teachers met with students in grades 1 through 6 for 1 hour each week. Lesson plans were designed to teach art concepts with an emphasis on higher level thinking skills. In addition to analysis, synthesis, and evaluation, students were involved in activities requiring transformation, causation, focus, visualization, tolerance, elaboration, and divergent thinking. The experimental group consisted of fourth, fifth, and sixth grade students; the control group consisted of students receiving art instruction from regular classroom teachers. Results indicated that instruction in art by a qualified art teacher produces increased learning in the content of art. Findings concerning student achievement were inconclusive. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A