ERIC Number: ED307948
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Effective Leadership Strategies for the Community College President.
Lewis, Marjorie D.
To be effective, community college presidents must understand what leadership is, particularly as it applies to higher education. They must also understand the evolution of the role of the president over the last 30 years, from "manager" or "builder" in the early years to the more recent position of "motivator." There is little agreement in the literature on a definition of leadership; moreover, it has been suggested by some researchers that leaders can be more effective if they are able to shift styles according to the situation in which they find themselves. Often referred to as "moderate leadership style," this ability to shift styles results in a flexibility community college presidents must have in order to lead a diverse institution and deal with broad constituencies. In the 1950's and 1960's, presidents were seen as "builders," or strong, authoritarian figures responsible for planning and developing the colleges. In the 1970's, presidents were forced to deal with financial crises, demands for shared governance, increasingly agitated faculties, and, most controversial of all, collective bargaining. The emphasis during this time was on accountability, cost-effectiveness, and productivity; the role of the community college president became that of "manager." Today, however, there is recognition that good management is not enough. Effective community college presidents must be creative and charismatic and they must recognize the importance of exerting leadership in four key areas: (1) interpreting and communicating the college mission and goals; (2) creating a climate that encourages people and groups to work with the college; (3) establishing systems of governance that enable colleges to operate efficiently and effectively; and (4) providing educational leadership. (ALB)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: Long Beach City Coll., CA.