ERIC Number: ED307842
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Incorporating Instructional Theory in Instructional Design.
Okey, James R.; And Others
A persistent problem for instructional designers has been deciding exactly what to do. To be of value in the development process, an instructional design needs to be developed with consideration of the kinds of objectives to be achieved, the specific activities used to teach the objectives, and the order or sequence in which the learning activities occur. Instructional designers need prescriptive advice on teaching a full slate of human behaviors that range from memorizing facts to solving problems, and instructional theory can address these issues of what is being taught and how to teach it effectively. Two theories, Gagne's and Merrill's, both prescribe a system of classifying learning outcomes with a corresponding set of instructional strategies or steps. The prescriptive nature of both theories and their complementary macro-micro approaches to designing instruction make them adaptable to computerization. The Instructional Designer is a software package for use by instructional designers which incorporates these two theories. In order to examine the effectiveness of the Designer, a study was completed with students in a graduate class in instructional design. The conclusion drawn from this tryout with the Designer as a tool in the hands of novice developers is that the program helps to promote the creation of instruction with a high probability of being successful with students because the design incorporates events that instructional theory suggests are critical for learning. The text is supplemented by nine figures and a sample design is appended. (7 references) (EW)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the International Conference of the Association for the Development of Computer-Based Instructional Systems (30th, Philadelphia, PA, November 1988).