ERIC Number: ED307822
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Oct
The Socialization and Assimilation of College Graduates: How New Hires Learn the Ropes. Final Report.
Major, Debra A.; And Others
The final report of the Early Careers Study at Michigan State Univesity (MSU) at East Lansing is presented. This longitudinal study investigated the organizational socialization and assimilation processes experienced by 334 engineering and management graduates from both a traditional university (MSU) and a cooperative college with close ties to General Motors Corporation at the beginning of their working careers. The report presents comparative analyses of factors that differentially affect how newcomers "learn the ropes." Data were gathered and analyzed on the topics of: changes that socialization brings across time; sources and content domains that newcomers sample to learn more about organizational life; the people in the organizational setting who initiate learning; how socialization affects the knowledge level of newcomers; and the outcomes of the socialization process. Differences in the pattern of socialization were compared for new hires from the two different types of institution, for managers versus engineers, for mentored versus nonmentored newcomers, and for men versus women. Results include the following: there was a clear advantage for graduates with cooperative internship experiences; management graduates employed broader information seeking strategies while engineering graduates were more focused on their immediate tasks; women used more self-reliant learning strategies than expected; and mentoring did not seem to have profound effects on newcomer learning. An appendix lists socialization information acquisition items clustered by content domain. Tables are included. Contains 9 references. (SM)
Descriptors: Acculturation, Career Development, Career Planning, College Graduates, Employees, Higher Education, Job Performance, Longitudinal Studies, Socialization
Collegiate Employment Research Institute, Career Planning and Placement Services Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1113 ($5.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing.