ERIC Number: ED307758
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Psychotropic Medication and Community Integration: Implications for Service Providers. A Review of the Literature.
The review of the literature examines issues concerned with the use of psychotropic medication by people with severe disabilities living in community settings. Data on prevalence of drug usage are provided and include that 54.3% of residents of community residences receive some type of prescribed medication, most of which are classified as psychotropic or psychoactive. A number of studies are reviewed which question the appropriateness of such massive use of medication. Additional studies have concerned behavioral toxicity, the tendency of psychotropic drugs to suppress desirable as well as problem behavior, and side effects such as tardive dyskinesia. Support for responsible use of medication stresses the role of direct service workers and the use of community physicians. It is concluded that: (1) most people with severe disabilities do not need to be on behavior altering drugs; (2) this standard practice does not aid integration; (3) widespread use of psychotropics is probably indicative of a program which is focused on controlling groups rather than aiding the integration of individuals into the community; (4) the use of medication must be individualized; and (5) management of psychotropic medication is a generic service which people with severe disabilities can receive in the community. (DB)
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Community Programs, Drug Therapy, Medical Services, Normalization (Handicapped), Severe Disabilities
Syracuse University, Center on Human Policy, Research and Training Center on Community Integration, 724 Comstock Ave., Syracuse, NY 13244-4230 ($2.00).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Syracuse Univ., NY. Center on Human Policy.