ERIC Number: ED307544
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-May
Reference Count: N/A
Social Interaction: The Reciprocity of Social Support.
Sullivan, Linda A.
This study examined social support as a component of naturally occurring social interaction, focusing on the provision and receipt of support and examining sex differences in support exchange. Seventy female and 54 male college freshmen completed a modified version of the Rochester Interaction Record on which they recorded any social interaction they had which lasted 10 minutes or longer for a period of 14 days. The results showed that females reported receiving more support than did males. Females also reported providing more support than did males. Correlations showed that the rate of support exchange was reciprocal: the more support provided, the more received, for both males and females. Results specifically addressing the perceived amount of support exchange showed that where there was an imbalance between the receipt and provision of support, it was due to more support being received than was provided. This imbalance only occurred during interactions with the opposite sex, for both males and females. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Iowa Conference on Personal Relationships (2nd, Iowa City, IA, May 11-15, 1989).