ERIC Number: ED307541
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Characteristics of Adolescents at Risk for Psychological Dysfunction and School Failure.
Salzman, Kenneth P.; Salzman, Stephanie A.
This study examined factors that may place adolescents at risk for psychological dysfunction and school failure. Subjects were 70 adolescents who were admitted to a psychiatric hospital from September 1986 to March 1988. Demographic, academic performance, familial, and psychological data were retroactively gathered from patient files, tabulated and descriptively analyzed. The results identified a number of familial, academic, social, and psychological stressors which combined to place the adolescent at risk for psychological dysfunction and school failure. The effect of multiple stressors was evidenced by the high degree of suicidality of subjects; more than one-third had attempted suicide at least once and required hospitalization for either suicidal ideation or a suicide attempt. Many of the same adolescents experienced accompanying family dissolution, school failure, and had histories of drug use and physical and/or sexual abuse. Despite the variety of stressors identified, one dimension emerged as an identifiable risk factor; 48 subjects were diagnosed as having some degree of depression, a disorder with specific signs and symptoms which are readily detectable. The findings suggest that responsiveness to high risk adolescents can be facilitated through inservice training for school personnel, peer counseling programs, school-based group counseling, school-community agency collaboration, and community youth services teams. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, March 27-31, 1989).