ERIC Number: ED307536
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988
Reference Count: N/A
Study of National Incidence and Prevalence of Child Abuse and Neglect: Study Findings 1988.
National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect (DHHS/OHDS), Washington, DC.
This study is the second of two, the first completed in 1980 and the second in 1986, which assessed the current national incidence of child abuse and neglect, and determined how the severity, frequency, and character of child maltreatment changed in the time period between the studies. Major findings include: (1) more than one million children nationwide experienced abuse or neglect in 1986; (2) over one-half of the countable cases involved abuse and just under one-half involved neglect; (3) moderate injuries predominated, occurring in 72% of cases; (4) countable cases of maltreatment in 1986 increased 66% over their 1980 incidence, primarily reflecting a significant increase in the incidence of abuse; (5) neither emotional abuse nor neglect showed reliable changes in incidence; (6) females experienced greater abuse overall than did males; (7) the overall incidence of maltreatment increased with age; (8) there were no significant relationships between the incidence of maltreatment and a child's race/ethnicity; (9) low income was a significant risk factor for maltreatment; (10) noninvestigatory agencies such as schools recognized more than two times the number of cases than investigatory agencies such as the police did; (11) the proportion of cases known to child protective services which involved maltreatment showed no reliable changes; and (12) the number of children reported to child protective services increased nearly 57 percent. Results imply that the increase in countable cases probably reflects an increase in the likelihood that professionals will recognize maltreatment, although abused and neglected children are not more likely to appear among screened reports to child protective services. (ABL)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect (DHHS/OHDS), Washington, DC.