ERIC Number: ED307509
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Noninstructional Influences on High School Student Achievement: The Contributions of Parents, Peers, Extracurricular Activities, and Part-Time Work.
Steinberg, Laurence; And Others
This document presents a review of the research on experiences outside of the classroom that may affect student achievement during the high school years, focusing specifically on the areas of family influences, peer influences, part-time employment of students, and student participation in extracurricular activities. It reports on studies of familial influence on student achievement which have shown that family social class is highly correlated with school success, but that the relation between school performance and either family structure or maternal employment status is far less substantial than is widely believed. Research on peer influences is reviewed which suggests that most peers seem to encourage, rather than discourage, academic success. Studies on part-time employment and student achievement are reported which suggest that employment in excess of 15 hours per week during the school year may adversely affect high school students' school performance and investment in school, especially among students who begin working when they are sophomores or juniors. Also discussed are studies examining extracurricular participation, most of which focus almost exclusively on interscholastic athletics. Findings from these studies are reported which suggest that participation in extracurricular activities is more likely to enhance than interfere with high school students' academic aspirations or achievement. One hundred and thirty-five references are included. (NB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center on Effective Secondary Schools, Madison, WI.