ERIC Number: ED307345
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
Analysis of Poverty in 1987.
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, Washington, DC.
Census data on poverty in 1987 indicate that the economic recovery has been uneven, with the poor sharing less fully in the gains than in prior recoveries. Despite a drop in the national unemployment rate from 7 percent in 1986 to 6.2 percent in 1987, the poverty rate of 13.5 percent has remained essentially unchanged. Although 1987 represented the fifth year of economic recovery, the poverty rate was higher than in any year in the 1970s, higher even than during the major recession of 1974 and 1975. Although the unemployment rate was about the same in 1987 as in 1978, poverty rates were substantially higher in 1987 than in 1978, when the rate was 11.4 percent. The data are especially disturbing for blacks, whose poverty rate rose significantly in 1987 to 33.1 percent, and for young black children, whose poverty rate rose to 49 percent. The income gap between rich and poor families reached its widest point in 40 years. In addition, the average poor family fell further below the poverty line in 1987 than in any year since 1960. Poverty rates for certain groups, such as children, remain at very high levels and have climbed considerably over the past decade. While alternative measures of poverty in which non-cash benefits are counted as income can be useful in providing consistent measures of poverty trends since 1979, the measures are of questionable value in estimating the number or proportion of people who are poor. Statistical data are included on two tables and three graphs. (FMW)
Descriptors: Blacks, Census Figures, Children, Economic Research, Economically Disadvantaged, Economics, Family Income, Hispanic Americans, Low Income Groups, Lower Class, Minority Groups, Older Adults, Poverty, Unemployment, Welfare Services
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, 236 Massachusetts Avenue, NE, Suite 305, Washington, DC 20002.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, Washington, DC.