ERIC Number: ED307341
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Shortchanged: Recent Developments in Hispanic Poverty, Income, and Employment.
Greenstein, Robert; And Others
Despite a fifth year of economic recovery in 1987, the poverty rate for Hispanic Americans remained at nearly the same level in 1987 as during the severe recession of the early 1980s. Among non-Hispanics, by contrast, poverty rates have declined during the recovery, making Hispanics the only racial or ethnic group whose poverty rates remain at or close to recession levels. Although measures of national economic conditions such as the unemployment rate were at about the same level in 1987 as in 1978, Hispanic poverty rates were sharply higher in 1987 than in 1978. This is due in part to a worsening poverty rate for Hispanic married-couple families. Poverty has grown at an especially rapid rate among the following Hispanic groups: (1) children; (2) the elderly; (3) high school dropouts; and (4) Mexican Americans. Puerto Ricans still have the highest poverty rate. The rise in poverty has affected all regions of the country. Poor Hispanics are growing poorer. Hispanic incomes have also declined, and now fall farther behind the income of the typical White family than at any other time on record. Nearly one out of every four Hispanic families is female-headed. Although the Hispanic unemployment rate has declined, the wages being paid to Hispanics have eroded, and now fall well below the levels of the late 1970s. Federal budget policies have cut programs that benefited two-income households; this disproportionately affected Hispanics. Tables and figures illustrate the data. (BJV)
Descriptors: Children, Dropouts, Economic Factors, Employment Level, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Ethnicity, Family Size, Government Role, Hispanic Americans, Mexican Americans, Older Adults, One Parent Family, Poverty, Puerto Ricans, Racial Differences, Unemployment
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, 236 Massachusetts Avenue, NE, Suite 305, Washington, DC 20002.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, Washington, DC.