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ERIC Number: ED307333
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Counselor Perceptions of Test Bias: Critical Issues in Test Use and Interpretation.
Elmore, Patricia B.; And Others
Thirty-three counselors attending a workshop at the 1988 Annual Convention of the American Association for Counseling and Development were asked to rate six "critical incident" exercises on bias in test content and unfairness in test usage. About two-thirds of the subjects were female, and one-third were male. The subjects ranged in age from 31 to 64 years, with a mean of 45 years. About 30% of the counselors worked in elementary or secondary schools, another 30% were employed in 2-year and 4-year colleges, and the remainder were in a wide variety of other work settings. The six simulation exercises presented to the participants dealt with counselor use of test information at the elementary, secondary, and college levels. Despite special efforts at the beginning of the workshop to define and explain differences between biased test content and unfair test use, many of the participants seemed to be confused and were unable to reach a decision. Few significant relationships between counselors' background and experience and their ratings on these exercises were found. Recentness of having taken a course or workshop in measurement and work setting appeared to be more related to the ratings than did gender, race/ethnicity, age, highest degree, or years of counseling experience. It is recommended that workshops or inservice programs be developed for counselors to instruct them in means of detecting test bias and using tests fairly. (JH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A