ERIC Number: ED307297
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The Reliability and Validity of the Effective Schools Needs Assessment Surveys.
Segars, John K.; Gottesman, Barbara L.
Since 1977, South Carolina law has required every school to develop annual and long-range (3-year) plans based on a needs assessment. Based on a 1984 law, the State Board of Education adopted the following effective schools indicators as bases of assessments: (1) instructional leadership of the principal; (2) emphasis on academics, including basic skills; (3) high expectations related to student achievement; (4) positive school climate; (5) frequent monitoring of student progress and use of progress information in curriculum planning; and (6) positive home/school relations. In 1985, the State Department of Education (SDE) initiated development of needs assessment surveys for use in the 3-year planning cycle beginning in 1988-89. Of the 91 school districts in the state, 89 used at least one of the survey forms, and 84 returned their surveys to the SDE for optical scanning and scoring. Surveys were received from 938 schools, including teacher surveys from 883 schools, parent surveys from 881 schools, and student surveys from 549 schools. Reliability and validity studies were conducted for each survey instrument. Results indicate a high internal consistency. The scores on the scales discriminate adequately between schools, rather than only within schools. The relationship between the survey scores and a school's organizational level (elementary, middle, or secondary), socioeconomic classification, and average student test gains indicate concurrent validity. Sixteen data tables are provided. The parent, student, and teacher/staff surveys are appended. (TJH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Carolina