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ERIC Number: ED307202
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Competition Experiment with World Cultures Class.
Lilien, Elliot
This paper reports on a research study which attempted to determine whether competition could generate the same enthusiasm in the classroom (for learning) as it does on the playing field (in sports). Ninth grade world cultures students at Concord-Carlisle High School, Concord, Massachusetts were led to believe that they were competing in an All-East Coast Academic Tournament composed of classes comparable to their own. "Official" tournament charts and outside "proctors" gave the situation legitimacy. Along with the interschool competition, students in the class had an intraclass competition among themselves. The tournament process is discussed, as is the composition of the class involved in the study. As a result of the experiment, attendance increased significantly and student grades improved. The difference in performance between boys and girls was examined. Lilien concludes that this type of activity should not be used because: (1) the increased pressure turns some students off and they do not function as well when pressure is present; (2) the level of historical learning is not very high; and (3) some people argue that "learning ought to be cooperative and not competitive." A chart is provided that details individual student's grades before the tournament, their grades on the final examination, and the number of correct questions answered during the "competition." (GEA)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Researchers; Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A