ERIC Number: ED307100
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Making Connections: After the Factories Revisited.
Rosenfeld, Stuart A.; Bergman, Edward M.
This analysis of employment patterns in the American South extends a 1985 report, "After the Factories: Changing Employment Patterns in the Rural South," which was based on the years between 1977-1982. The 1985 report included Texas, but this analysis includes only the 12 Southern Growth Policies Board (SGPB) member states. This new analysis extends well into the expansion phase of the post-recessionary period and adds per capita income growth and unemployment rates as rough indicators of the quality of growth. Civilian government and corporate support employment have been added to total employment figures to provide a more comprehensive employment measure. The study also looks more closely at the manufacturing and service sectors, and provides a more reliable estimate of the growth of high technology industries. Also considered are local factors suspected of influencing economic growth, particularly those reflecting human resources, including adult literacy, university enrollment, and scientists and technicians, as well as access to interstate highways and the presence of commercial airports. This report finds that employment grew considerably faster in metro counties than in nonmetro counties during the period, but that the average employment growth in nonmetro counties was nearly double the national average. Service and construction industries were behind most new jobs and many of the rural counties experiencing the highest growth rates in manufacturing were geographically remote. After taking inflation into account, however, real per capita income declined in most nonmetro counties. Measures of education and human resources were the most consistent and strongest predictors of growth. The fastest-growing counties generally appear to be located in areas likely to attract tourists or retirees. But the most dramatic success stories resulted from a range of strategies based on local efforts responding to local circumstances and problems. Data is displayed in numerous tables and figures, and appendixes include an outline of industry clasifications, profiles of all 12 SGPB states, various statistical breakdowns on distribution of employment, a list of the top 100 high tech industries, and information on the Enhanced County Business Patterns file. (TES)
Descriptors: Economic Change, Economic Factors, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Employment Statistics, Labor Economics, Migration Patterns, Regional Characteristics, Rural Development, Rural Economics, Rural Education, Rural Urban Differences, Social Change, Trend Analysis, Unemployment
Southern Growth Policies Board, P.O. Box 12293, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 ($10.00; discount prices available for orders over 25).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southern Growth Policies Board, Research Triangle Park, NC.