ERIC Number: ED307088
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
After the Factories: Changing Employment Patterns in the Rural South.
Rosenfeld, Stuart A.; And Others
Until recently, the South's economic growth was based on its ability to attract manufacturing jobs. Recent plant closings and layoffs were considered as cyclical effects of a recession, but recovery has not occurred and rural unemployment remains high. In the 1970s, the South was the only region to experience slower population growth in rural areas than in its cities. These trends prompted a study that revealed: (1) long-term economic restructuring is occurring with traditional manufacturing (furniture, food, textiles, apparel) losing employment while services and emerging manufacturing (machinery, electric/electronic equipment, printing/publishing) are growing; (2) employment grew faster in metro areas than in nonmetro areas between 1977 and 1982; (3) the rural South's ability to recover from structural changes in the economy is hampered by its lack of wealth and underdeveloped human resources; (4) between 1977 and 1982, employment grew only half as fast in nonmetro areas as in metro areas; (5) fastest growth occurred in counties with the smallest percent minority populations, highest educational levels and per capita income, most physicians per resident, and with large numbers of in-migrating retirees; and (6) the fastest employment growth occurred in counties dominated by service industries. The compiled evidence suggests that long-term restructuring of the South's economy is occurring, but the nonmetro areas are hampered by: (1) dependence on traditional manufacturing, which is vulnerable to foreign competition and automation; (2) lack of wealth; and (3) low levels of educational attainment. This report contains 21 tables and 46 figures. Appendices include information on data sources, a description of the creation of the Enhanced County Business Patterns File, a list of industry classifications, and a set of graphs showing changes in employment by county location and ranges within categories, of 12 southern states, 1977-1982. (ALL)
Descriptors: Demography, Economic Change, Educational Attainment, Employment Patterns, Expenditure per Student, Industry, Labor Economics, Labor Market, Labor Needs, Labor Turnover, Rural Areas, Rural Economics, Social Change, Unemployment
Southern Growth Policies Board, P.O. Box 12293, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 ($7.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Southern Rural Development Center, Mississippi State, MS.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Southern Growth Policies Board, Research Triangle Park, NC.