ERIC Number: ED307082
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-May
Reference Count: N/A
U.S. Immigration Policy and the Mexican Economy.
Taylor, J. Edward
Rural Mexico's economy currently relies heavily on illegal migrants to the United States. Severing the link between rural Mexican households and U.S. labor markets would require restructuring not only affecting U.S. industries, which are the focus of federal immigration reform, but also migrant-sending economies in Mexico. If effectively enforced, immigration reforms in the United States also will have an impact on Mexico's urban labor markets, to which many Mexico-U.S. migrants would turn for employment if they were no longer able to work in the United States. Thus, efforts to stem the flow of Mexican immigration through increased enforcement of federal immigration laws such as the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 would face powerful economic pressures in Mexico as well as in the American Southwest. Economic development in Mexico may be the only effective deterrent to illegal Mexico-U.S. migration. People who have favorable income opportunities in Mexico are less likely to migrate illegally to the United States than those who do not. As long as vast disparities in economic opportunity separate Mexico and the United States, a significant flow of Mexican labor appears to be almost inevitable. These considerations suggest that large-scale economic development programs in Mexico should be promoted as a counterpart to U.S. immigration reforms. Two more reasons for seeking a development solution to illegal Mexico-U.S. migration are the heavy dependence of rural Mexico on income from migrants in the United States and the importance to the United States of maintaining economic and political stability in Mexico. (ALL)
Descriptors: Economic Development, Immigrants, Labor Market, Mexicans, Migrant Employment, Migrant Problems, Migrant Workers, Public Policy, Rural Areas, Undocumented Immigrants
The Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, NW, Washington, DC 20037 ($6.00).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Atlantic Richfield Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.; Weingart Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.; Ahmanson Foundation, Beverly Hills, CA.; Times Mirror Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Mexico
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Immigration Reform and Control Act 1986