ERIC Number: ED307078
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Feb-18
Reference Count: N/A
The Squeaky Wheel of Policy Implementation: Poor Children with Disabilities and Disadvantaged School Districts.
Capper, Colleen A.
The squeaky wheel method of policy implementation takes place when policy mandates are not implemented by need, but by the kind and amount of external influence mobilized on behalf of policy recipients. Case studies of three rural students with severe disabilities demonstrated that the services each child received were dependent on the strength of the child's external support. External support that shaped implementation of special education policy included child advocates, preschool services, and parents, and such support usually benefited only the target child. Similarly, rural disadvantaged school districts with little influence at the state level often fail to receive the resources and support needed to implement special education policy. Struggling financially, the poor school district may choose to underidentify disabled students and to cut services where it can. Thus, the implementation process at the microlevel (that is, the process negotiated between student and school district) reflects the larger, more systemic implementation process negotiated between the state education department and the local district. Disadvantaged school districts may benefit from an advocate to provide a stronger voice at the state level. This report contains 10 references and a table outlining parallels between systemic and microlevel barriers to implementation. (SV)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Case Studies, Child Advocacy, Disadvantaged Schools, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Policy, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Parent Influence, Rural Education, School Districts, Severe Disabilities, Special Education, State School District Relationship, Student School Relationship
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A