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ERIC Number: ED307071
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Children's Coping in Social Situations.
Mellor-Crummey, Cynthia A.; And Others
A theoretical framework for conceptualization and assessment of preadolescent children's coping in social situations is presented. The framework classifies responses to stressful social situations according to four categories, consisting of anxiety amplification, in which children focus on negative emotions concerning an event without attempting to alter the situation, and three coping strategies: positive coping, denial, and projection. A self-report instrument that assessed preadolescent children's social coping along these dimensions was developed. Internal and construct validity of the instrument was evaluated in a sample of 125 fourth- through sixth-grade, white, middle-class subjects. Factor analyses indicated a four-factor structure consistent with the four theoretically-derived dimensions. Each dimension demonstrated moderate internal consistency. Theoretical expectations regarding intercorrelations among the social coping dimensions were confirmed. The new measure also showed convergent and discriminant validity when correlations with perceived control, anxiety, and general self-esteem were examined. Children's popularity as rated by their peers was found to be significantly related to the children's endorsement of certain social coping strategies. Children tended to choose social partners with social coping styles similar to their own. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A