ERIC Number: ED307069
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-May
Reference Count: N/A
Early Gender-Role Stereotype Attributions: The Roles of Models' Physical Characteristics and Children's Gender Constancy.
Levy, Gary D.
A total of 83 children of 27 to 63 months of age were interviewed in an effort to assess the importance of the children's understanding of gender constancy and their use of physical characteristics in making gender role stereotype attributions. It was hypothesized that young children would use stimulus models' sex to a greater extent than the models' physical attributes in attributing gender role stereotypes. It was predicted that the number of gender role stereotypes children accurately attributed would be significantly related to sex differences between the figures used in the attribution task, but not related to the physical or relative size of the stimulus or to the children's stage of gender constancy. Findings indicated that all children, but especially boys, correctly identified and attributed more gender role stereotypes based on the sex than on the relative size of stimulus figures. Children's stage of gender constancy understanding did not reliably predict children's gender role stereotype attribution activity. The pattern of findings suggests that young children are capable of gender-typed attributions well before they achieve a full sense of gender constancy understanding. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (May 1989).