ERIC Number: ED307067
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Attributions and the Effects of Task Purpose and Goal Setting Strategies on Preschoolers' Compliance.
Bourg, Tammy M.; Liets, Lauren C.
A study was conducted to determine the correspondence between the effects of task purposes and goal-setting strategies on preschoolers' unmonitored compliance, and their internal attributions for compliance. A total of 97 preschool children of 4-5 years of age participated in two 5-minute compliance tests that employed a resistance-to-distraction task, an experimenter-absent compliance test, and an experimenter-absent plus disinhibition statement compliance test. The three types of task purposes were: Learning; Performance Evaluation; and No Purpose. The two goal-setting strategies were: Child Sets Task Goals and Experimenter Sets Task Goals. Preschoolers who performed a task for supposed evaluation purposes spent more time than did preschoolers who performed the task for supposed learning purposes. Corresponding attributional findings indicated that preschoolers who performed a task for evaluation purposes also expressed greater preference for, or attributed greater intrinsic interest to, the requested task than did preschoolers performing the task for learning purposes. Results suggest that internal attributions may partially contribute to preschoolers' compliance, but attributional explanations alone are not sufficient for an understanding of the relationship between socialization techniques and preschoolers' compliance. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A