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ERIC Number: ED307059
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Object Conflict and Sharing in the Preschool: Further Evidence for a Prior Possession Rule.
Winegar, Lucien T.; Renninger, K. Ann
In a study of the social ecology of preschool peer interaction, independent measures of agonism and object conflict were employed to investigate relations between dominance, competition, and prior possession of object. In addition, independent measures of affiliation and object exchanges were employed to investigate further possible relations between friendship, sharing, and prior possession of object. Subjects were 16 children between 3 and 4 years of age who were involved in free play. Six 40-minute focal samples of each child were videotaped. Videotapes were coded independently for three types of social interaction: agonism, affiliation, and object exchange. The initiating action of the focal child, the social target of the action, and the response of the target child were coded. In addition, the time of possession of the object prior to an object exchange was recorded. Findings indicated that outcomes of object conflicts and sharing were predicted by prior possession, but not by affiliation or dominance. Object use interactions were not terminated consistently to the benefit of an individual, as in dominance, or to the benefit of both individuals, as in friendship. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A