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ERIC Number: ED307040
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Pages: 6
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Infant Temperament, Maternal Expectations and Goodness of Fit as Predictors of Maternal Adaptation.
Hagekull, Berit; Bohlin, Gunilla
In an effort to explain early maternal adaptation, a longitudinal study aimed to delineate the relative importance of maternal expectations for infant behavior, maternal descriptions of infant temperament, and the interaction of these variables, as proposed in the Goodness of Fit model. Infant temperament was considered an environmental variable, while expectations were regarded as expressions of organismic variables. It was hypothesized that a good fit and favorable developmental outcome would result when organismic and environmental variables were in accord. Subjects were 113 mothers between 19 to 44 years of age. Findings indicated that all aspects of maternal adaptation except coping were significantly predicted: low degrees of managability predicted high degrees of irritability, and low managability expectations predicted low 4-month role satisfaction. Predictions could be made over a 6-month period. Infant temperament was more important than maternal expectations. The Goodness of Fit model was not supported. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Sweden