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ERIC Number: ED307035
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Pages: 57
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Sex-Differentiated Socialization Effects in Childhood and Adolescence in Divorced and Intact Families.
Baumrind, Diana
This longitudinal study was designed to identify familial origins of children's developmental competencies and dysfunctional behavior at the critical life stages of preschool (T1), juvenile (T2), early adolescence (T3), and early adulthood (T4). Child subjects were born between 1964-66; their parents between 1931-39. Children were studied when they were 3, 9, and nearly 15. At T1, all families were intact; by T2, 19% were divorced; and by T3, 37% were divorced. The third wave of data gathering (that is, the adolescent phase) took place between 1978 and 1980, and included 139 adolescents and their parents. Families were predominantly middle-class, educationally advantaged, and Caucasian. Data were drawn from three sources: measures derived from behavior ratings used to summarize case history information; microratings made of parent-child interaction at T2 and T3; and self-reports obtained from each parent at T3. Numerous findings concern sex differences in children, parenting practices by sex-of-child and sex-of-parent, family dynamics at T3, moderating effects of family status on sex-of-child differences and maternal behavior, and sex-differentiated socialization effects. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Grant (W.T.) Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Kansas City, MO, April 27-30, 1989).