ERIC Number: ED307034
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
A Process Model for the Role of Peer Relations in Adolescent Social Adjustment.
Dishion, Thomas J.; Skinner, Martha S.
The document examines the roles of peer relations and parent monitoring in increasing children's risk of developing a deviant network of friends. Subjects were approximately 200 boys and their families. Boys were assessed in school and interviewed when 9-10 years old and when 11-12 years old. Structural equation modeling was used to evaluate the fit of three alternative models to the observed data: a stability model, a synchronous effects model, and a cross-lagged effect model. A multi-agent and multi-method approach to measurement was used. This approach employed data from schools, children, and parents. Comparison of the three models found that the synchronous and cross-lagged models adequately fit the data, with the cross-lagged model superior to the others. Analyses revealed that peer relations and parent monitoring contribute to preadolescent boys' development of a deviant peer group at age 12, and that the effect of peer rejection may accumulate. Thus, the deviant peer group process may help explain the longitudinal relation between early poor peer relations and later social maladjustment. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A