ERIC Number: ED307024
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Profiles of Toddlers with Delayed Expressive Language Development.
This study used several measures to compare 40 toddlers with delays in expressive language and 40 children acquiring language normally. Findings indicated that children with small expressive vocabularies at 2 years of age are not different from their normally speaking peers in terms of hearing, history of ear infections, birth order, or pre- or peri-natal history. They do tend to come from families with a history of language or learning disorders. In addition, children with small expressive vocabularies: (1) appear to have subtle deficits in nonverbal problem solving despite having normal intelligence; (2) are very likely to show deficits in social maturity; (3) seem somewhat less motivated than normally speaking children to interact with others; (4) are perceived by their parents as being hyperactive and more difficult to manage than normal toddlers; and (5) show less phonological skill, in terms of syllable structures produced and number of different consonants used. Preliminary outcome data suggest that children with small vocabularies at 2 years of age are at moderate risk for language delay that continues until at least 3 years of age. They are at somewhat higher risk of articulation deficit at age 3. Social immaturity persists to this age. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Kansas City, MO, April 27-30, 1989).