ERIC Number: ED306712
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
What Is Effectiveness? Panel Discussion.
Two papers are presented from a panel discussion moderated by Naomi Zigmond, who introduces the papers with a note on definitions and measures of intervention effectiveness. "Some Thoughts on Effective Intervention for Handicapped Preschoolers," by Phillip Strain, notes that special education researchers attempt to be efficient, economical, politically compatible, and consistent with values, and later consider effectiveness only in a belated fashion. Researchers should consider how consumers evaluate effectiveness, because interventions will not be used if people cannot see a difference in child outcomes attributable to these interventions. Researchers should also recognize the importance of longitudinal studies. The second paper, "Markers of Effectiveness at the Secondary Level in Special Education" by Eugene Edgar, contends that the important aspect of secondary special education is to prepare students with skills and attitudes that will enable them to experience some quality of life, and to offer them the opportunity to practice their skills in the natural environment. Measurement of student outcomes is very difficult and involves issues of how to obtain data, when to obtain data, and from whom. The paper examines follow-up studies of special education school leavers and offers guidelines for conducting future effectiveness research. (JDD)
Descriptors: Disabilities, Educational Research, Evaluation Methods, Followup Studies, Instructional Effectiveness, Intervention, Longitudinal Studies, Normalization (Handicapped), Outcomes of Education, Preschool Education, Program Effectiveness, Secondary Education, Special Education, Student Educational Objectives
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Research in Education of the Handicapped. Project Directors' Meeting (3rd, Washington, DC, July 10-12, 1988) Proceedings; see EC 212 771.